Skip Navigation
Johns Hopkins University logoUniversity Calendarvertical lineUniversity Newsvertical lineFind A Personvertical lineSearch JHU

Welfare, Children, & Families: a three city study/ cityscape illustration w/ flowers


Longitudinal Survey
-Wave 1
-Wave 2
-Wave 3

Embedded Devt'l Study


Study Design

This research project is an intensive study in Boston, Chicago, and San Antonio to assess the well-being of low-income children and families in the post-welfare reform era. The project investigates the strategies families have used to respond to reform, in terms of employment, schooling or other forms of training, residential mobility, and fertility. Central to this project is a focus on how these strategies affect children's lives, with an emphasis on their health and development as well as their need for, and use of, social services.

SurveyWave 1 Mar. -Dec. 1999Wave 2 Sept. 2000 - June 2001Wave 3 Feb. 2005- Feb. 2006
Focal Child's Age:0-4 / 10-141-6 / 5-105-10 / 15-20
Wave 1 question and reply informationWave 2 question and reply informationWave 3 question and reply information
Response Rate75% (N= 2,402 children)87% (N= 2,158 children)79.7% (N= 1,944 children)
Embedded Developmental Survey
Primary Female CaregiverWave 1 & 2
Child Care ProviderWave 1 & 2
FatherWave 1
EthnographyJune 1999-Dec. 2003
Technical Documentation

The study comprises three interrelated components: longitudinal surveys, embedded developmental studies, and contextual, comparative ethnographic studies. Fieldwork began in 1999. The figure above describes the history of the project. Click on the link for each component or read our Design Report to learn more.

illustration of grass horizon

 © The Johns Hopkins University. All rights reserved.