Post-Baccalaureate and Master's Programs
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What is the difference between the post-baccalaureate programs?
In general, “career changer” programs are geared to students who did not complete premedical requirements as undergraduates and are designed to provide preparation in the basic premedical sciences and complementary coursework and experiences. We have one of the most highly regarded “career changer” programs right here at Johns Hopkins, the JHU Post-Baccalaureate Premedical Program.
On the other hand, academic “enhancement” programs are designed for students who have completed the premedical sciences but need to “enhance” and strengthen their science GPAs. The basic idea is to give students the opportunity to prove themselves by taking demanding science courses. These programs typically offer master’s degrees or certificates.
“Underrepresented in medicine” means those racial and ethnic populations that are underrepresented in the medical profession relative to their numbers in the general population. These programs, which generally fall under the heading of enhancement programs, are designed to support underrepresented students and increase the numbers of them who apply successfully to medical school.
On this website we will focus only on programs for academic record enhancers and students from groups underrepresented or disadvantaged for a career in medicine.
What is important to think about before I get started on researching these programs?
Standards: It is important to know the various types of programs available to you. Do not assume that enrolling in a post-bac program that is associated with a particular medical school will automatically improve your chances of getting into that medical school. Unless you have an agreement with a school to matriculate into the medical program, you should pick a program based on its merit and fit for your needs.
Class Size: Smaller class sizes may offer a more personalized approach to instruction and advising. Also, it will be easier to interact with faculty if you’re in a small class, and thus make it easier to obtain a letter of recommendation from science faculty when you apply to medical school.
Type of master’s degree: A master's program in research (i.e. biology, neuroscience, and microbiology) will not offer science coursework to enhance your BCPM GPA. It also won’t offer you pre-med advising to help improve your application for medical school. If you are intending to enhance your science GPA, you must be in post-baccalaureate certificate or master's program with rigorous science coursework that can count toward your BCPM GPA.
Science Coursework: If you need to strengthen your science GPA, you will need to enroll in a program where the majority of the courses are BCPM courses, specifically biomedical coursework. It should also be remembered that master’s and enrichment program coursework does not impact the undergraduate GPA. The courses are listed under a separate post-baccalaureate or master’s program entry on the AMCAS or AACOMAS application.
What are some important questions to ask?
There are so many questions to ask when reviewing programs. Consider these:
- How long has the program been established?
- Do I need a minimum GPA or MCAT score to be eligible?
- Is the GRE acceptable if I am unable to take the MCAT by the time the application is due?
- Is an MCAT preparatory component offered?
- Does the program involve taking classes with the medical school class?
- How will the program support my application to medical school? What advising is offered to students who are enrolled?
- What percentage of students matriculates into medical school? After one year? After two years?
- Have you received a grade below “C” in any of your premedical requirements that might need to be repeated?
Do these programs guarantee entry into medical school?
No. Whether or not an enrichment program is beneficial depends on the student's ability to earn strong grades in the program. So, the main questions really are, "Why didn't I do as well as I could have in my science courses when I was an undergraduate?" and "Am I able to perform better in a program that might be even more demanding than undergraduate work?" and, finally, "Am I willing to sacrifice considerable time (and tuition money) for the sake of getting into medical school when I know that the outcome is uncertain?"
How To Apply?
Each post-bac/master’s program has its own application, procedures, and deadlines, so you must be organized when managing this application process. They typically ask for educational history, demographic data, experiences relevant to a career in medicine, MCAT or GRE scores, and an essay. Most programs also ask for two or three letters of recommendation.
Regarding letters of recommendation: The Pre-Professional Office has two different sets of directions for submitting letters of recommendation to post-bac/master’s programs:
If you have previously applied to medical school and know that we uploaded a Committee Letter and letters of recommendation on your behalf, we can forward your Committee packet to post-bac/master’s programs. For more information, please go to the Forms page of the Pre-Professional website and open the link titled Post-Bac/Master’s Applicants WITH Committee Letter: Please read the instructions very carefully.
If you are first applying to a post-bac/master’s program and have not yet applied to medical school, please go to the Forms page of the Pre-Professional website and open the link titled Post-Bac/Master’s Applicants WITHOUT Committee Letter. Letters from faculty and individuals with whom you have worked directly in a research, internship, or related capacity are preferred by these programs. Please carefully check application deadlines since they can range anytime from February to July.
The AAMC has a searchable database listing of post-baccalaureate premedical and masters programs at: PB_AAMC
Below is a sampling of programs that are directly associated with at least one medical school (a more complete listing is available through referencing the AAMC searchable database):
Fact sheets about Post-bac programs
How Do I… Decide if a Post Bac Program is Right For Me?
What’s It Like to… Do a Post baccalaureate Program?
Special Master's Programs at Medical Schools
Other Related Programs
Alternatives at Johns Hopkins or in Baltimore? Visit:
Are you a Pre-Dental Student? Visit:
Are you from a group disadvantaged or underrepresented in medicine?
The AAMC has a searchable database at: PB_AAMC. Some selected programs include:
Online Master's Programs
- OMP: The Degree Program Database
- US News: Best Online Graduate Education Programs
Good luck with your post-bac research. Don't hesitate to contact us with questions!